Bed Bugs

Gain a Better Understanding of Bed Bugs

Bed bugs occur worldwide and bridge all economic and social strata. Bed bug infestations in North America have become much more common over the past 10 years. Adult bed bugs are brown to reddish-brown, approximately 3/16-inch long, 1/8-inch wide, broadly oval, and flat. Immature bed bugs (nymphs) are tiny and appear translucent or pale in color. The eggs are pearly white in colour and only 1mm in length, thus they can be very difficult to detect with the naked eye. Inspections for bed bugs include looking for live bugs, shed exoskeletons and characteristic black stains created by fecal droppings. These insects feed exclusively on blood however, there has been no evidence to suggest that bed bugs transmit any diseases.

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Key Points

Bed bugs can be extremely difficult to detect. Proper diagnosis requires highly trained professionals.


  • Bed bug services are very labour intensive, rely heavily on the careful use of residual pesticides and should only be conducted by highly trained professionals.


  • Proper service requires that all possible harbourages are treated. This usually requires the complete cooperation of the customer to access all areas that need to be treated.


  • One service will not eliminate bed bugs from your home. A typical bed bug management program consists of an intensive initial follow-up service.


  • In rare cases, total elimination of bed bugs may not be possible through our regular program. We will work with the customer to design custom treatments to give the best control possible.
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Unwanted Guests Are Brought in from a Previously Infested Environment

Bed bugs do not enter homes from the natural outdoor environment. Instead, they must be introduced into the home from a previously infested environment. This can occur by picking them up during travel, bringing them in on rented or used furniture, introduction by guests or visitors, or other means. Often the exact source of the infestation is unknown.


Bed Bugs Can Hide Almost Anywhere – Not Just in Beds

Once in the home, bed bugs will seek small, protected areas to hide. Although called bed bugs, they can live in almost any area of the home such as beds, couches, picture frames, night stands, wall voids, under carpeting, or virtually any available small crack or crevice. However, they will most likely try to live very close to where people sleep. Only highly trained professionals can correctly identify and treat all of these potential harbourages.


Infestations Grow Rapidly If Not Treated

Bed bugs are nocturnal insects and therefore usually hide during the day and are most active at night when they leave their harbourages to seek a blood meal. Bed bug bites are essentially painless and often go unnoticed while the bugs are feeding. Bed bugs mature quickly, lay hundreds of eggs, and can live almost a year. Therefore, infestations can grow rapidly and persist indefinitely until proper corrective actions are taken.


The Bed Bug Treatment Process

Bed bugs are particularly difficult to treat if adequate measures are not taken to prepare the room(s) for treatment before the service technician arrives. The following is a list of things which will aid in the effectiveness of treatment.


Client Preparation - Pre-Treatment:

  • The tenant must be notified of treatment no less than 24 hours prior to treatment.


  • Tenants will need to make arrangements to be out of the suite for a minimum of 2-4 hours after treatment.


  • Pets such as dogs, cats, birds, hamsters, etc., should be removed before treatment. Aquariums can remain in place as long as the filtration and aeration systems are turned off and the tank is adequately covered. Filtration and aeration equipment can be turned back on 6 hours after treatment.


  • Tenants should bag up all clothing that is in contact with floor, or in nearby dressers. This clothing should be washed in hot water (separate from all other laundry) or dry-cleaned. Clean clothing should remain out of the room until treatment is complete.


  • Bookshelves, nightstands or other furniture in the immediate area must be emptied so that the technician can spray the undersides of the furniture. Place all items in tightly sealed garbage bags, and leave them in the room to be treated.


  • Do not disturb the furniture or bed until after the technician arrives.


Client Preparation: Treatment (Once the service technician arrives):

  • All bedding, slipcovers, pillowcases, etc., must be removed and washed in hot water (separate from all other laundry). Clean bedding should remain out of the room until after treatment is complete.


  • All bed frames must be disassembled.


  • All electrical outlets need to have the faceplate removed.


Ace Pest Control will do a thorough treatment of the mattress, floor space, as well as cracks and crevices. This treatment will consist of a residual spray, contact spray and a dust formulated pesticide. A follow-up treatment/inspection may be necessary approximately 14-21 days after the initial treatment. The follow-up treatment/inspection is needed to ensure newly hatched insects are exposed to a pesticide treatment. It is best to keep clothing out of the area until after the re-treatment so that it does not become infested.

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